The marketing of medicinal products is conditioned by regulators’ approval, in order to ensure that therapeutic benefits outweigh risks.

Marketing Authorization Application

A Marketing Authorization Application provides comprehensive information about a drug, enabling regulatory agencies to assess Quality, Safety and Efficacy, and evaluate the ability of the future Marketing Authorization Holder (MAH) to ensure and monitor a sustainable benefit/risk ratio.

MAA in the European Union

Medicinal products may only be placed on the European Economic Area (EEA) marketplace once marketing has been authorized by regulatory authorities. Depending on the registration route – National Procedure, Decentralized Procedure, Mutual Recognition Procedure, or Centralized Procedure – Marketing Authorization Applications are submitted for assessment to national regulatory agencies, or to the Committee of Human Medicinal Products (CHMP) of the European Medicinal Agency (EMA). National marketing authorizations are granted by Member States, while ‘Union authorizations’ are issued by the European Commission (EC) for the entire Union.

The content of MAAs is dependent upon the applicable legal basis – legal bases are set out in Directive 2001/83/EC, and in Regulation (EC) No 726/2004. Consequently, dossiers can be full stand-alone or various types of abridged applications, for innovative, generic, hybrid, biosimilar, well-established, herbal or fixed combination medicinal products (non-exhaustive list).

MAA dossiers follow the structure and format of the Common Technical Document (CTD).

Latest Glossary Definitions

Innovation Meeting

Innovation meetings are held by major EU Member States Competent Authorities (CA) to help organizations that are developing innovative medical devices (or using novel manufacturing processes) navigate the regulatory processes so they can progress their technologies.

Justification Table

In relation to Policy 70, to be completed by the Applicant to justify the proposed redaction of CCI.

Lay Person Summary (of a clinical trial)

The EU Clinical Trials Regulation 536/2014 (Article 37) requires sponsors to provide summary results of clinical trials in a format understandable to laypersons. These lay person summaries will be made available in the EU Portal and Database.

Markov Model

Stochastic multi-state transition models. Transition between different states in the model are based upon pre-defined conditional probabilities that depend only on the current states (i.e. future evolution depends only on the current state, not the past states).

Market Protection

The protection of an approved medicine against competition from generic medicines that extends beyond the protection conferred by data exclusivity. During this period, applications for generics can be accepted and authorised, but the generic medicines cannot be placed on the market.

Market Exclusivity

The 10-year period after the marketing authorisation of an orphan medicine when similar medicines for the same indication cannot be placed on the market.

Protocol Assistance (PA)

Protocol assistance is the special form of scientific advice available for companies developing designated orphan medicines for rare diseases.

Protection of Personal Data (PPD)

In relation to Policy 70, “Personal data” is any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person; an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his

Pre-Sub Meeting

FDA Pre-Sub meetings are available for manufacturers to obtain regulatory feedback on various medical device applications in the US in the frame of clinical studies (i.e. Investigational Device Exemptions IDE), or premarket regulatory submissions (i.e. 510(k), De Novo, PMA etc.).

Parallel Distribution

The distribution of a medicine from one Member State to another by a pharmaceutical company independently of the marketing authorization holder.

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